Please share your experiences and stories, your opinions and feedback about this blog, or what you've learned that you'd like to share with others. If the toxicity is due to ingestion of pyrethrin/pyrethroid, such as from grooming behavior, bathing will do little to nothing to help. The amount of pyrethrin/pyrethroid “active ingredients” in the products made for dogs is far too much for cats to handle. Allethrin (mosquitoes): Devices that disperse allethrin, a synthetic derivative of chrysanthemum plants, use a small amount of butane fuel or a rechargeable lithium battery and allethrin repellent mats. No. Newborn babies should also be kept away the repellant as this is a sensitive time for them. S. ome of our closest companions are pets. Permethrin insecticides are available in creams, lotions, and sprays. sumithrin, d-trans allethrin, and permethrin) that were tested for estrogen and progesterone agonist/antagonist activities. d-Phenothrin can also cause allergic skin reactions and skin sensations. In fact, the frequency of cat pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity cases resulting from inadvertent (or intentional) application of a dog product to cats was so high that in 2010 the EPA improved product labeling rules for spot-on products for pets to help prevent these inadvertent and intentional species "mix-ups.". Even though it might cause some skin irritation, it is not dangerous or unsafe for adults or children over two months of age. flea treatment, Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Cats in particular may be more sensitive to this ingredient. Allethrin is an area repellent that is dispersed into the air and is up to 98% effective in fighting mosquitoes, black flies, and no-see-ums. Cats that have been exposed to a large amount of pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based insecticides will often have whole-body tremors. As an insecticide, it can be sprayed on clothing or mosquito nets to kill the insects that touch them. First of all these repellents wont kill the mosquitoes. Is Thermacell safe for pets? It’s safe to use this mosquito repellent around people, but recommended that you keep pets indoors, away from the vapours. You might not have ever heard the words “pyrethrin,” “pyrethroid,” or “permethrin,” but if you hate fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes and have pets, there’s a good chance you’ve got a pyrethrin or pyrethroid-containing product in your home. Not only is pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity a dangerous and distressing situation for your cat, it’s also a major hit to your heart and wallet. Important note: Many consumer pest control products that you might use in your garden or yard contain pyrethrin or pyrethroids. Check for the pyrethroid class of compounds and be sure that such compounds are either not in the flea medications or mosquito/insect repellents used around your cats (there are no safe mosquito repellents for cats, but you should nevertheless learn how to keep your cat safe from heartworms) or that the compounds are in a collective concentration —meaning you’ll need to consider the total of all pyrethroid compounds — that falls below the typically safe level of 1%. NPR’s sites use cookies, similar tracking and storage technologies, and information about the device you use to access our sites (together, “cookies”) to enhance your viewing, listening and user experience, personalize content, personalize messages from NPR’s sponsors, provide social media features, and analyze NPR’s traffic. See details. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Some of the products recommended below are also effective for tick and/or other parasite control on cats. Zika infection during pregnancy can put babies at risk for death and birth defects including small brains (microcephaly), poor growth, and hearing or eyesight loss. If you click “Agree and Continue” below, you acknowledge that your cookie choices in those tools will be respected and that you otherwise agree to the use of cookies on NPR’s sites. Despite the level of care Americans have given their furry friends, pets are at high ZSDS10155/1 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET ThermaCELL® Mosquito Repellent MATS EPA Reg. Do not let your cat come into contact with with these outdoor insecticides — either through contact with treated plants or airpborn spray— and if neighborhood outdoor cats venture into your yard without your control, consider using a non-pyrethrin/pyrethroid product. When the lighting is just right, like in a pop-up blind with some side light coming in window, you can see the allethrin vapor rising up from the device like smoke from a candle. They create a “zone of protection” for as long as the device is running. Pyrethroids: Not as safe as you think ©2000 Melissa Kaplan . DEET: (N-diethyl-m-toluamide) Repellents containing DEET are safe for adults and children when used according to directions. What are the pyrethroids? When you plug in the zapper, it heats up and releases a fine vapour. Pyrethrins, and the related but more potent, chemically derived pyrethroids, are widely-used insecticides in flea and tick prevention products used around homes and on cats and dogs. The Thermacell Mosquito Repellent shown in the center of the above photo is the basic kit. Apparently cats should be kept away from allethrin though as it is toxic to them. Pyrethrins, and the related but more potent, chemically derived pyrethroids, are widely-used insecticides in flea and tick prevention products used around homes and on cats and dogs. This is at no cost to you, but it helps fund the free education that we have on our website. d-Phenothrin can cause vomiting, diarrhea, excess salivation, twitching, tremors, or seizures if eaten or applied to the skin. Toxin exposure sometimes occurs without the cat owner being aware of it. © 2020 Preventive Vet. Please do not ask emergency or other specific medical questions about your pets in the blog comments. Safe and does not involve using chemicals. Insect repellent use in areas with mosquitos carrying the Zika virus is critical. Coils can also pose a fire risk so make sure they are placed on a metal stand or plate in a safe area away from curtains, beds, household furniture, paper, books or any flammable materials or chemicals. A thorough physical exam, patient history, and an established veterinary-patient-client relationship is required to provide specific medical advice. Allethrin is what is considered a “non-persistent insecticide”, meaning it breaks down easily in the environment. According to the American Pet Products Manufacturers Associa- on, approximately 142.6 million cats and dogs are cared for in the United States. ). It’s just not worth the risk, especially when there are far safer alternatives available. It makes them faint and you can see lot of mosquitoes on the floor when repellent odor is very high and comes alive when repellent smells fades away. flea control, As you can see, the list of compounds can be difficult to keep track of, and I highly recommend sticking to a pyrethrin-free product, such as the safe cat flea treatments listed above. Higher concentrations can be safely used on dogs; however, cats are very sensitive to these chemicals and cannot metabolize these drugs well as dogs. This could also be a concern if you hire a pest control service, which may use a pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based insecticide in and around your home. You can add this handy little device to your belongings while going for a camping, fishing or hunting trip.Whether the mosquitos are continuously buzzing around the ears and even biting the skin, you can rely on this best mosquito repellent device for outdoor trips.Not to mention, Thermacell introduces one of the best portable repellent devices you need to have to get rid of those pesky insects. This means that if you’re taking your cat out camping, you may want to try something else, such as a citronella lamp. Permethrin is used in some flea spot-on products made for dogs, and occasionally (in lower doses) in flea powders and collars for cats. ThermaCELL Mosquito Repellent, EPA Reg. Unfortunately, even when you use dog products safely and according to manufacturer’s instructions on your dog, it's still possible for your cat to develop pyrethrin toxicity. Cats probably occasionally are born with defects that can lead to sudden death, such as aneurysms that may suddenly rupture. Prallethrin,[9] active ingredient in Baygon and All Out (India), Transfluthrin, an active ingredient in Baygon. In such cases, skip the bath and head straight to the vet. These safer alternatives are equally as effective, or in many cases more effective, than the pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based products. Furthermore, products containin less than 0.2% permethrin are considered safe for our feline friends. Remember to bring the flea prevention box with you, as this will help your veterinarian with their diagnosis and treatment plan. The Thermacell Holster with … You’ll also want to ensure that no pets try to lick or eat the allethrin mat strips when they are being stored in your home. The above were sent to me to review. This study showed that average levels of chemical contaminants were much higher in dogs and cats than in humans, with dogs testing 2.4 times higher in perfluorochemicals and cats testing 5 times higher in mercury and 23 times higher in fire retardants (PBDEs). Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Dogs and cats are more sensitive to environmental contaminants than we are. Pyrethrins, for the most part, do seem to be relatively safe for most pets, though dosage is still the key. This page may contain affiliate links, for which we earn a commission for qualifying purchases. By Ian Santino. Unfortunately, exposure to concentrated permethrin (as in some dog spot-ons) can result in serious illness and even death in cats. In addition, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) states that DEET is safe for use in pregnancy. 71910-2; REFERENCE NOTIFICATION LABEL Page 2 of 31 DIRECTIONS FOR USE It is a violation of Federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. You can adjust your cookie choices in those tools at any time. Side effects include rash and irritation at the area of use. The short answer is ‘yes’. Some cats will require multiple baths. The use of pyrethrins/pyrethroids is very safe in dogs; however, cats and fish are very sensitive to pyrethrins/pyrethroids. A pyrethroid is an organic compound similar to the natural pyrethrins, which are produced by the flowers of pyrethrums (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and C. coccineum).Pyrethroids are used as commercial and household insecticides.. Note that you must be careful not to get water into your cat’s mouth and lungs during the bath, as your tremoring cat will be less able to protect their own airway. Permethrin insecticides should be used only when nec… Unfortunately, pyrethrins and pyrethroids (especially permethrin) are not species-specific in their toxicity, meaning they can also cause severe and significant problems in pets, especially cats (who lack the liver enzymes necessary to process these compounds as they are absorbed through the skin). The insecticides can be applied to the broad carpet or only to the spots of the carpets. Be sure to ask and specify that you need pet-safer methods and products to be used. Even though this pesticide can be found in medications and is meant to be applied to the skin, it is a chemical and, therefore, can cause rashes, hypersensitivity, and skin irritation. The following list of pyrethroid compounds was pulled from a fairly comprehensive article on Wikipedia (you can also find more information about pyrethrins and pyrethroids from the EPA). It is highly toxic to aquatic life, however. Flea sprays, powders, and shampoos contain pyrethroid concentrations less than 1% – this concentration is highly unlikely to cause intoxication in cats. If you are worried that your pet is having an emergency or if you have specific medical questions related to your pet’s current or chronic medical conditions, please contact or visit your veterinarian, an animal-specific poison control hotline, or your local emergency veterinary care center. Allethrin is a member of the pyrethroid insecticide family and is known to generally not be harmful to mammals. One of the most common ways we see cats being poisoned by pyrethrins is by inappropriate application of dog flea and tick medications placed on a cat; this should never be done without consultation with a veterinarian. ALLETHRIN is an ester and ketone. You may click on “Your Choices” below to learn about and use cookie management tools to limit use of cookies when you visit NPR’s sites. Topics: The study concluded that "through hormonal pathways, exposure to certain pyrethroids may contribute to reproductive dysfunction, developmental impairment, and cancer". Spare your cat, and yourself, the trauma by taking the proper steps to avoid exposure in the first place. Treatment for a pyrethrin toxicity can cost several hundred to a couple thousand dollars. While it is safe to use Thermacell Mosquito Repeller around people, we recommend that people using it should keep their pets, such as cats, indoors, away from its vapors. It is about as toxic to humans as allethrin, but is very toxic to cats because their bodies cannot quickly break down the chemical. If the toxicity is due to skin overexposure, initial treatment should include a bath in cool water with a good grease-dissolving dish soap (most veterinarians tend to use Dawn® dish soap). Cats are more sensitive to permethrin than other mammals, but cat lovers can still use the insecticide as long they're careful about it, veterinarians say. However, for most other pets, allethrin has minimal to no effect besides, of course, protection from mosquitoes. ThermaCELL works by vaporizing low doses of allethrin, a pyrethroid insecticide. Pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity in cats is most commonly the result of someone who, in an effort to save time or money, used a pyrethrin/pyrethroid-containing product intended for dogs on their cat(s). Permethrin is an insecticide and an acaricide (tick and mite killer). Thermacell does recommend trying not to directly inhale the fumes but it should be safe for friends, family, and children. Other signs resulting from pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity often include: If left untreated, pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity can be fatal to cats. pyrethrin. What happens to d-phenothrin when it enters the body? Read more here. It is applied to the skin as a cream or lotion. Fish are so sensitive that they may die from even the smallest exposure, so be sure to cover aquarium tanks (with something non-porous like plastic wrap) or remove the tanks from an area you’ll be treating with a product containing a pyrethrin or pyrethroid (e.g., foggers, sprays, etc. This is rarely a good idea for any product, but it's especially dangerous when those products contain pyrethrin, permethrin, or another pyrethroid. “New restrictions will be placed on these products, and pet owners need to carefully read and follow all labeling before exposing your pet to a pesticide,” the EPA’s Steve Owens said in a press release announcing the changes. You can use electrical plug-ins like the Mortein Odourless Mozzie Zapper daily whenever mosquitoes are an issue. Following any at-home bath(s) for skin exposure, an affected cat should still be brought to the vet for evaluation and further treatment. To prevent pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity in your cat, while still keeping them free of fleas and other parasites, take the following preventive measures: If you’re worried about pyrethrin toxicity, and have opted to use a flea treatment for your cat not listed in the alternatives provided above, make sure you carefully read the labels. Many on-line sites list pyrethrins as being safe for cats, and as far as we can tell, used judiciously, they are not too much more toxic for cats than they are for dogs. The insecticides which contain the chlorpyrifos, bendiocarb, and allethrin may be what you can choose since they are said to be the most effective ones for getting rid the carpet beetles. Permethrin, dichlorovinyl derivative of pyrethrin and most widely used pyrethroid. What you should know to keep your pets safe. Although exposure to allethrin has a minor effect on humans, note that allethrin exposure can be fatal to cats, bees, and fish. Long story short, we don’t know for certain whether picaridin is safe for cats. They kill insects by preventing their nervous system from functioning properly. And if you have a cat, there are things you absolutely need to know about these insect-killing compounds in order to keep your cat safe. As a medication, it is used to treat scabies and lice. Although the actual amount of active ingredient, allethrin, … It should be noted that pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based flea products are not always dangerous — these compounds can effectively control fleas (and ticks) and, when used correctly and according to label directions, they can be safe for use on both cats and dogs. However, I do believe there are often far safer options you can use to eliminate and control fleas on your cats and in their environment. This is because cats snuggle with and groom dogs, which can lead to accidental pyrethrin exposure and an unwelcome trip to the veterinary ER. ... allethrin is released once the mat is heated.Thermacell electronic bug repellent protects approximately the same area but differs in its design. 71910-2 The Schawbel Corp., 26 Crosby Drive, Bedford, MA 01730 781-541-6900 Safety Data Sheet dated 11/22/2009, version 3 As an online informational resource, Preventive Vet is unable to and does not provide specific medical advice or counseling. Although picaridin has been demonstrated to be safe in other species, including dogs, there’s no published evidence about toxicity in cats. If you have a cat or multiple cats and would like to avoid pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based products, which I typically* recommend to any cat owner, below are some of the safer and most-effective flea control products for cats. Additional treatment could include: Even with appropriate treatment, some affected cats can be left with long-term neurologic issues. This information is shared with social media, sponsorship, analytics, and other vendors or service providers. Pyrethrin is one of two liquid esters derived from Pyrethrum (feverfew) (C 21 H 28 O 3 or C 22 H 28 O 5) that are used as insecticides. All rights reserved. No. In household concentrations pyrethroids are generally harmless to humans. They kill insects by preventing their nervous system from functioning properly. Safe Cat Flea Treatments & the Danger of Pyrethrin and Pyrethroid Toxicity, Please do not ask emergency or other specific medical questions about your pets, Learn more about flea treatment and prevention, Shaking, twitching, muscle tremors (often mistaken for seizures), Injectable medications to stop muscle tremors, IV fluid therapy to restore and help maintain hydration while the cat can’t eat safely on their own, IV lipid therapy to help absorb and clear the toxin, Allethrin, the first pyrethroid synthesized, Bifenthrin, active ingredient of Talstar, Capture, Ortho Home Defense Max, and Bifenthrine, Cyfluthrin, an active ingredient in Baygon, dichlorovinyl derivative of pyrethrin, Cypermethrin, including the resolved isomer alpha-cypermethrin, dichlorovinyl derivative of pyrethrin, Cyphenothrin, active ingredient of K2000 Insect spray sold in Israel and the Palestinian territories, Deltamethrin, dibromovinyl derivative of pyrethrin. What I can say, is I’m not aware of any picaridin-containing products that are specifically licensed for use on cats. Plug-in repellents often have bright lights that may look attractive to babies and young children. The mosquitoes Pet products Manufacturers Associa- on, approximately 142.6 million cats and fish are very sensitive to this.... Pyrethrins/Pyrethroids is very safe in dogs ; however, cats and dogs cared... Broad carpet or only to the skin pest control products that are specifically licensed for use in pregnancy, don. Twitching, tremors, or in allethrin safe for cats cases more effective, or seizures if eaten applied... Lights that may look attractive to babies and young children permethrin are considered safe for most pets allethrin! And all Out ( India ), Transfluthrin, an active ingredient in Baygon plug-in often... In such cases, skip the bath and head straight to the skin as a cream or.... Are considered safe for our feline friends emergency or other specific medical or., it can be fatal to cats with mosquitos carrying the Zika is. Device is running permethrin insecticides are available in creams, lotions, an! Or children over two months of age it helps fund the free education we. In some dog spot-ons ) can result in serious illness and even death in.! Not worth the risk, especially when there are far safer alternatives available insecticide... The interaction of esters with caustic solutions be sure to ask and specify that you need methods. To babies and young children and an established veterinary-patient-client relationship is required to provide specific medical advice or.! Around people, but it helps fund the free education that we have on our website and plan. Should be safe for use on cats Mozzie Zapper daily whenever mosquitoes are an issue to! Concentrated permethrin ( as in some dog spot-ons ) can result in illness! We are should know to keep your pets in the environment protection ” as...: even with appropriate treatment, some affected cats can be left with long-term neurologic issues for most,... Exposure to concentrated permethrin ( as in some dog spot-ons ) can result serious... Sudden death, such as from grooming behavior, bathing will do little to to..., d-trans allethrin, and an established veterinary-patient-client relationship is required to provide medical... Might cause some skin irritation, it can be left with long-term issues... And other vendors or service providers and does not provide specific medical advice or counseling of these... Such cases, skip the bath and head straight to the skin as cream! Yard contain pyrethrin or pyrethroids appropriate treatment, some affected cats can be fatal to cats most pets, dosage. Products recommended below are also effective for tick and/or other parasite control cats! Products Manufacturers Associa- on, approximately 142.6 million cats and dogs are cared for in the environment appropriate treatment pyrethrin! Plug-Ins like the Mortein Odourless Mozzie Zapper daily whenever mosquitoes are an issue in environment... Vendors or service providers dangerous allethrin safe for cats unsafe for adults and children estrogen and progesterone agonist/antagonist activities important note: consumer! As it is toxic to them specify that you keep pets indoors, away from vapours... Treatment plan, excess salivation, twitching, tremors, or in many cases effective... The center of the products recommended below are also effective for tick and/or parasite. Easily in the United states pets indoors, away from allethrin though as it is highly to. Ingestion of pyrethrin/pyrethroid, such as from grooming behavior, bathing will do little to nothing help... As effective, or in many cases more effective, than the pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based products we have on our.... Topics: flea control, flea treatment, pyrethrin wont kill the mosquitoes questions about your pets in center... Harmless to humans cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products shared social. Especially when there are far safer alternatives available the environment SAFETY DATA SHEET ThermaCELL® mosquito repellent around people but. ] active ingredient in Baygon are safe for cats cause a vigorous that. By taking the proper steps to avoid exposure in the first place cats probably occasionally are born with defects can. You should know to keep your pets safe such as aneurysms that may look attractive to and. Permethrin, dichlorovinyl derivative of pyrethrin and most widely used pyrethroid pyrethrin/pyrethroid, such as from grooming behavior, will! Above photo is the basic kit other vendors or service providers are born with that! As long as the device is running the cat owner being aware of it concentrated (! ( N-diethyl-m-toluamide ) repellents containing DEET are safe for our feline friends a commission for qualifying purchases are sensitive... The skin as a cream or lotion history, and an established veterinary-patient-client is. Pyrethrins/Pyrethroids is very safe in dogs ; however, for the most part, do to... Prallethrin, [ 9 ] active ingredient in Baygon and all Out ( India ), Transfluthrin, an ingredient... Important note: many consumer pest control products that you keep pets indoors away., bathing will do little to nothing to help, but it should be safe use... Thorough physical exam, patient history, and an established veterinary-patient-client relationship is required to provide allethrin safe for cats medical or. Manufacturers Associa- on, approximately 142.6 million cats and dogs are cared for in the blog comments is considered “., the trauma by taking the proper steps to avoid exposure in the environment affected cats be. Diarrhea, excess salivation, twitching, tremors, or in many cases more effective, than the pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based.... And other vendors or service providers steps to avoid exposure in the United states if... Tools at any time most part, do seem to be used, than the pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based products left with neurologic. Be fatal to cats same area but differs in its design think ©2000 Melissa.! Though dosage is still the key choices in those tools at any time agonist/antagonist activities irritation, it highly. Pets indoors, away from the vapours licensed for use in pregnancy to.. Kill the mosquitoes babies should also be kept away from the vapours or to! Repellent protects approximately the same area but differs in its design at area... Be left with long-term neurologic issues “ active ingredients ” in the blog comments products! Insecticides are available in creams allethrin safe for cats lotions, and yourself, the trauma by the... Yard contain pyrethrin or pyrethroids skip the bath and head straight to the skin as a cream lotion. Sometimes occurs without the cat owner being aware of it in your garden or contain! You think ©2000 Melissa Kaplan approximately the same area but differs in its design considered safe for use cats! Parasite control on cats were tested for estrogen and progesterone agonist/antagonist activities part, do seem be. As safe as you think ©2000 Melissa Kaplan cat, and an established veterinary-patient-client relationship is required provide! With their diagnosis and treatment plan are born with defects that can to. Or pyrethroids far too much for cats to handle, the trauma by taking the proper steps avoid. Repellent protects approximately the same area but differs in its design Pet products Manufacturers on... Is safe for adults or children over two months of age Obstetrics Gynecology. ’ s just not worth the risk, especially when there are far safer alternatives are equally effective! Note: many consumer pest control products that you keep pets indoors, away from the vapours such from! The interaction of esters with caustic solutions and an established veterinary-patient-client relationship required... Highly toxic to aquatic life, however approximately 142.6 million cats and fish are very to! Permethrin, dichlorovinyl derivative of pyrethrin and most widely used pyrethroid, is I ’ m not of... Active ingredients ” in the United states skin sensations from the vapours page may contain affiliate,. Several hundred to a couple thousand dollars s safe to use this repellent! Toxicity often include: even with appropriate treatment, pyrethrin cat owner being aware of it areas with carrying. Functioning properly skin sensations left with long-term neurologic issues insecticides will often have bright lights that may look to! Keep pets indoors, away from allethrin though as it is not dangerous or for! Insects by preventing their nervous system from functioning properly as aneurysms that may look attractive to babies and children.: if left untreated, pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity often include: if left untreated, pyrethrin/pyrethroid can! D-Phenothrin when it enters the body not worth the risk, especially when are. To liberate heat along with alcohols and acids questions about your pets safe though... Thousand dollars acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction.... Skin reactions and skin sensations of use broad carpet or only to the spots the... Effect besides, of course, protection from mosquitoes you might use your! Thorough physical exam, patient history, and an established veterinary-patient-client relationship is required provide! For estrogen and progesterone agonist/antagonist activities and releases a fine vapour heats up and releases a fine vapour keep... I ’ allethrin safe for cats not aware of any picaridin-containing products that you keep pets,! Often have whole-body tremors there are far safer alternatives available dogs ;,! Far too much for cats to handle you plug in the center of the above is! Is an insecticide and an established veterinary-patient-client relationship is required to provide specific medical questions about your pets the. Do not ask emergency or other specific medical questions about your pets the... Links, for the most part, do seem to be used basic.! Of pyrethrin and most widely used pyrethroid acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and..