However, they are not our only feminine examples in the New Testament. Just as a human mother teaches her child proper behavior by saying, "My child, you must do it this way, [and] you must not do that," so too does the Holy Spirit. For Count Zizendorf, this perception was a kind of revelation, and in 1741, when the Moravian Brethren founded their community in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, he officially proclaimed 'the motherly office of the Holy Spirit'. Margaret Kohl. Very helpfull! 0000004585 00000 n The Gospel of Thomas is an early Christian non-canonical sayings gospel. November 29th, 2020 Interviews with Rabbi Isaac VandeWalle, then head rabbi at Cnesses Israel Congregation, Green Bay, WI, summer 1978. Feminine Metaphors for Men 0000003689 00000 n The Holy Spirit The Elusiveness of the Spirit George Hendry wrote, “The true doctrine of the Holy Spirit will always be one that recognizes the ... that the Holy Spirit is the “feminine” part of God. In Moltmann's view, the Holy Spirit is not subjugated to the Son or the Father, because the Holy Spirit appears besides the Father as the Divine Mother of the Divine Family, such that the Father and the Holy Spirit (as Mother) exclude both Patriarchy and Matriarchy. �(xNBf�0��� ��B~��G�#��} | } | } | �̆y3ț!��!��!����wh��������������20[�X�X�X��j�+sMY3׎��}�N���<6�xl�/�X�X���^"�6���-��ȧ����O�|:�;�;=׻#��#��#��K��������������5��E��ZS#����jx�-5xjG �͢l�^:]�h�����������-�[��o��2��1�g�|n�=�{������l���4��?�a�U���5/� God as Mother Bird & Mother Bear. The theme was the Holy Spirit and the aim was to allow us all to reflect on the different images we have of the Holy Spirit in the Bible and elsewhere. 0000013727 00000 n Wisdom is a feminine image of God, so is a mother hen (Matthew 23:37), or even a human mother (Isaiah 66:13). 0000061613 00000 n Title of youtube video: PROOF Female HOLY SPIRIT, a SHE in Bible - Hebrew feminine more than grammatical gender (see URL below) (Transcription from video to words - 22/01/2013): Remember, Hebrew is the original language of the Bible - undoubtedly … In part three of this series, I will present the third biblical metaphor revealing the Holy Spirit: oil.We need to discern what the metaphor is, and what its meanings are within the biblical and ANE framework. 0000002553 00000 n Often, people refer to the Holy Spirit as an "it," yet Scripture refers to the Holy Spirit as a male, just as it does for the Father and the Son. By doing this, Zizendorf made the divine Trinity, conceived according to the pattern of a family, the prototype for the community of brothers and sisters on earth: 'since the Father of our LOrd JEsus Christ is our true Father, and the Spirit of JEsus Christ is our true Mother; because the Son of the living God . 'Unless you become like children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven' (Matt 18:3). 0000067259 00000 n [11] ... (See footnote 15.) 'The Father must love us and can do no other, the Son, our brother, must love souls as His own soul, and must love the body as His own body, because we are flesh we are flesh of His flesh, bone of His bone, and He can do no other.' But when the man has taken a wife, he leaves this Father and Mother of his, and his heart is fettered by this world.' I am amazed how this truth is not generally accepted in the Church. 0000062297 00000 n The promised Comforter (the Paraclete) will 'comfort you as a mother comfort's (here John 14:26 is put together with Isa 66:13); and 2. 0000012396 00000 n . 0000001096 00000 n 0000008037 00000 n The Holy Spirit is a person. The earliest testimonies are probably to be found in the Gospel of Thomas: 'He who will not love his Father and his Mother as I do, cannot be my disciple. Both the Father and the Mother are hence liberated, and they are liberated in the Son (Jesus Christ), such that the Son (Jesus Christ) also is not subjugated to the Father or Mother (Holy Spirit). 0000036984 00000 n they are driven forward by a certain tender Impulse, through Delight in the matter, through a blessed Attraction which souls feel for this and that thing, through a Sympathy which they also discover in themselves, and yet the awareness of the Savior and his Image is the concept. Paul Gerhardt describes the leadings of the Spirit in much the same way as a guiding 'with motherly hand' ('Mit Mutterhänden leitet er die Seinen ständig hin und her . . The real author was in fact the theologian Symeon of Mesopotamia, who was a Messalian, not the desert father Makarios. This may be alarming to some evangelicals today, especially those use gender-inclusive languages for the purpose of scrubbing feminism out of the bible (compare the translation of Romans 16:7 in the ESV to the NRSV). The care of the Holy Spirit mainly takes the form of preserving Christians from sin. 0000014160 00000 n Spirit of God, in the original Hebrew, is ruah Elohim. The Holy Spirit is really the best image, not of God’s femininity, but of the marginalization of the feminine, which reaches also our idea of God. �pd �Xv} endstream endobj 73 0 obj<> endobj 74 0 obj<> endobj 75 0 obj<>stream The famous Fifty Homilies of Makarios the mystic come from the sphere of Syrian Christianity, and they inspired and influenced both the Orthodox churches and the churches of the West. 1 In later Jewish writings in the midrashim, or stories, the Shekhinah, or Divine Presence, is depicted literally in female form. 0000001658 00000 n 0000010277 00000 n I … In the Syrian version of the poem we find the prayers: 'Come merciful Mother' and 'Come, giver of life'. They are 'children of the Spirit' and the Spirit is their 'Mother'. Ephrem The Syrians Use of Female Metaphors to Describe the Deity Ephrem The Syrians Use of Female Metaphors to Describe the Deity 2001-11-01 00:00:00 by Kathleen E. McVey The rich symbolic poetry of Ephrem the Syrian is beginning to be appreciated more widely. The biblical images of the Holy Spirit are tangible means that convey the character and activity of the Holy Spirit to us. These homilies were translated into German in the seventeenth century by Gottfried Arnold, and were widely read in the early years of Pietism. Yet, this does not mean the natural gender of the Holy Spirit is feminine. 0000012840 00000 n Unless, like Ludwig Feuerbach, we wish to cast the image aside altogether as a pure projection of a family idyll, it does offer interesting corrective possibilities, if we compare it with the other pictures of the Trinity - Irenaeus's image of the One God with two hands, for example. Of course by calling God the Holy Spirit 'Mother' we are merely putting parallel to the 'Father' another power as primal source. They express mutual intimacy, not sovereign and awful distance. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Additionally, does this Divine Femininity open the door to an affirmation of Mariology as exemplified by Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy? Theologically, this image is very significant, as this maternal im- age is often used to explain the activity of the Spirit in the believer. 63 0 obj <> endobj xref 63 40 0000000016 00000 n In Jerome we find a quotation from a Hebrew gospel: 'When the Lord came up out of the water, the whole wellspring of the Holy Spirit came down and rested on him, and said to him: "My Son, in all the prophets I awaited thy coming, so that I might rest in thee. The Spirit of Life: A Universal Affirmation. There are lots of genderless images like breath/spirit (pneuma), fire, light, or even Yahweh. 0000062510 00000 n Moltmann, Jürgen. He has the attributes of personhood, performs the actions of persons, and has personal relationships. ��f����_~1n�q\K/F�������ɤ�N�C�rh���Oc/ͽ�)h�NAs��R%��� 4c*��NA3���+̣ _�< In the Christian-Gnostic 'Hymn of the Pearl' (in the apocryphal Acts of Thomas), the Trinity consists of God the Father, the Holy Spirit as Mother, and the Son. I’ve grown comfortable with my belief mostly because experience with the Spirit lies behind me and scripture backs me up. But more important than these speculative possibilities is the new definition of what it means for human beings to be the image of God. c. Comments Off on feminine images and metaphors of holy spirit. The biblical grounds Zinzendorf contributes was inspired by the era of 'sensibility' - the cultivation of the feelings - which was now beginning. 0000007136 00000 n . Ruah, the word meaning, “Spirit,” is a feminine noun. I stated, before this sub-discussion, how Jesus applied a feminine metaphor to Himself (hen and chicks). In the following quotation from Moltmann's The Spirit of Life: A Universal Affirmation, several examples of feminine and maternal images of God are discussed in a polemic explaining why Moltmann believes that the Holy Spirit should be "termed a 'feminine' Spirit." 0000009518 00000 n Psychologically speaking, inward liberation from the mother is as much a part of human development as emancipation from the Father. is our true Brother.' 0000012923 00000 n 0000004551 00000 n In Trinitarian theology, the image of the divine family raises the Spirit to the same rank as the Father, and puts the Spirit before the Son. 157-60. On the one hand we do need to accept that the Holy Spirit has chosen to use a feminine-form noun to talk about himself in Genesis 1:2. 0000043021 00000 n "�d�$����4��V�����5�060����'�5��i�a�f���10'���0 ��8 endstream endobj 64 0 obj<>/Metadata 61 0 R/Pages 57 0 R/Type/Catalog/PageLabels 55 0 R>> endobj 65 0 obj<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 66 0 obj<> endobj 67 0 obj<> endobj 68 0 obj<> endobj 69 0 obj<> endobj 70 0 obj[/ICCBased 90 0 R] endobj 71 0 obj<> endobj 72 0 obj<>stream 0000005973 00000 n Thanks for sharing! . But among the Syrian Fathers this language held its ground. In the Greek translations of these Gnostic text, 'Mother' is then often already replaced by 'Holy Spirit'. If the Trinity is a community, then what corresponds to it is the true human community of men and women. 0000012130 00000 n If the Holy Spirit is 'the Comforter' (Paraclete), it comforts 'as a mother comforts'. feminine images and metaphors of holy spirit. 0000002948 00000 n And suddenly there came from heaven a noise like a violent rushing wind, and it filled the … Answer: A common mistake made with regard to the Holy Spirit is referring to the Spirit as "it," something most translations of the Bible are careful to avoid. Divine Femininity appears frequently in the bible and in Church History: The apostles describe themselves as "nursing mothers" (1 Thess 2:7) and God himself as well (Isa 49:15), and Jesus also in a maternal reference to Jerusalem like a mother hen (Matt 23:37).  A simple search of the Bible reveals that the Divine Femininity appears frequently! %PDF-1.4 %���� In the Syriac language too, the grammatically feminine word rucha means "spirit", and writers in that language, both orthodox and Gnostic, used maternal images when speaking of the Holy Spirit. 3. trailer <<6E9B431C5FB811DCB7420011247F35C4>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 102 0 obj<>stream This is the explanation: as long as a man has no wife, he loves and reverences God his Father and the Holy Spirit his Mother, and has no other love. What is said is that Spirit, denoted by a feminine word and a feminine … One aspect of his evocative and multi-layered theology that has begun to provoke interest is his profuse, if occasionally … H�\��n�0��y The typically semitic, motherly form of the Holy Spirit can also be found in his view of the Paraclete. Right down to Irenaeus, there was a struggle in the mainstream church against the Gnostic-Christian congregations, and this opposition also extended to feminine images of God, especially in the Roman empire. An interpreter of Paul must understand his metaphors in order to arrive at a complete understanding of the Pauline pneumatological perspective. Just as there are seven ministries of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament, there are also seven images of the Spirit that are found in the Old Testament.These include the dove, the cloud, fire, the breath/voice of God, the wind, water, and oil. The Hebrew gospel has passed down the following saying: 'Then my mother, the Holy Spirit, seized me by the hair and bore me away to the great Mount Tabor.' Some early churches referred to the Holy Spirit in feminine terms. 0000061879 00000 n 0000002192 00000 n "In Trinitarian theology, the image of the divine family raises the Spirit to the same rank as the Father, and puts the Spirit before the Son.". In the Pauline literature of the New Testament, the characteristics of the Spirit and Christian life are described through the use of metaphor. 0000011036 00000 n But also in Genesis 1:2 the Spirit is the Spirit of God and “God” there is a masculine plural noun. Jürgen Moltmann's The Spirit of Life: A Universal Affirmation, In the following quotation from Moltmann's The Spirit of Life: A Universal Affirmation, several examples of feminine and maternal images of God are discussed in a polemic explaining why Moltmann believes that the Holy Spirit should be "termed a 'feminine' Spirit." What is motherly about the operations of the Spirit can be sensed in its tenderness and sympathy: '. Another feminine image found in the early Syriac tradition is that of the Holy Spirit as mother. One of the common images is God as a mother bird sheltering her children under her wings. We need this truth to heal our hearts from the lack of tenderness and warmth we lack in this world. Understanding the Holy Spirit as a feminine Spirit brings Feuerbach's criticism of the Divine Family as a projection of the human family, that Moltmann begins to address below but requires more discussion. Header Image Source: "Pietro lorenzetti, compianto (dettaglio) basilica inferiore di assisi (1310-1329)". 2 Moltmann sides with the Eastern Orthodox's rejection of the filioque, because the Filioque subjugaftes the Holy Spirit to the Son, where in the East, the Son and the Spirit are two hands of Father as Irenaeus imagined. 0000066595 00000 n Jürgen Moltmann on The Holy Spirit as a Feminine Spirit, Pietro lorenzetti, compianto (dettaglio) basilica inferiore di assisi (1310-1329), The Spirit of Life: An Universal Affirmation, Godrules Responds To “Edifying Others” Accusations & Judgments | Like 1080p. John Wesley was fascinated by 'Macarios the Egyptians', and August Hermann Francke gave extensive treatment to 'the motherly ministry of the Holy Spirit' in his treatise on nature and grace. The dove is a feminine image often used to describe the Holy Spirit and other feminine personifications of god’s immanence. Here God is experienced, not as the liberation Lord but as 'the well of life'. .'). Question: "Is the Holy Spirit a "He," "She," or “It,” male, female, or neuter?" Scholars speculate that the works as such were buried there in response to a letter from Bishop Athanasius (296 – 373 AD) declaring a strict canon of Christian scripture. 0000011717 00000 n If believers are 'born' again from the Holy Spirit, then the Spirit is 'the mother' of God's children and can in this sense also be termed a 'feminine' Spirit. Moltmann's famous for his Social Doctrine of the Trinity, that sees the three persons of the one god as a society, emphasizing the three over the one, and the Divine Femininity brings the Trinity closer to the analogy of a nuclear family, such that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are familial understood as the Father, Mother and Son. ... feminine images used of God. How much we read into the gender and number of those nouns is a rather moot point. We started by showing the powerpoint slides with the different images of the Holy Spirit - expertly created by Richard Lyall. 3 Pastor Ted Kirnbauer Such claims, however, are based on the ignorance of language. Jul 31, 2020 - Explore Kathleen Ellinger, OFS's board "Holy Spirit Images" on Pinterest. x�b```b``������h� �� �@Q�����;����T��?�&�.�-�w���78o_*�"+}[��1ò�'��.w��Ib@"�'&u�\��5��[s�vɩˎΪ���pL���h�L��3�eD._ dE�kgNt�i*;:9u��D��̂�v'/c�ԅ�C2��Oj����Ι��NJ��P�Y}Q��څPs�u�J�Ϊ��D�ѳ��9��f�=1J$4�L�;P'�̀�#�z0m^#D���c�PC�� Some critics point out that the Greek word for "spirit," pneuma , is neuter (not gender specific) or that the Hebrew Old Testament word for "spirit," ruach , is used as feminine … As people of God today, we can aspire to be like the numerous outstanding women of the New Testament because they are faith exemplars, gifted by the Holy Spirit, and effective in ministry. Print. See more ideas about holy spirit, holy spirit images, prophetic art. Nothing is said about a bearded old man in flowing white robes. This discussion is not about what we think or believe, but that scripture informs our belief. A certain de-patriarchalization of the picture of God results in a de-patriarchalization of the church too. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons. Although the Hebrew word Ruach (Spirit) is of the feminine gender, the idea of the Holy Spirit being a female presence probably stems from the Hebrew Shekinah, a feminine noun based on the verb shachan (to dwell) that doesn’t appear in the Bible but which was coined by Post-biblical Rabbinic scholars to describe God’s Presence. 0000006862 00000 n 0000005621 00000 n This imagery is found in the fourth-century theologians Aphrahat and Ephrem the Syrian. As metaphors, these descriptions do not simply reduce the Holy Spirit to fire, or water, or tongues, but rather, that the Holy Spirit is like unto these things, but also greater than them. Find holy spirit stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. , the grammatical gender is feminine. Linguistically this again brings out the characteristics of the Hebrew expression 'Yahweh's ruach'. On occasion this poetic imagery is allegorized literally as female; most often the feminine appears in the Hebrew Bible in metaphor and allegory, as in Deuteronomy 32:18b where God, here named Eloah, gives birth to Israel in groaning and travail as of a woman giving birth. Yet, Jesus most certainly did reveal God in female terms in the New Testament. Men and women are 'born anew' from the Spirit. 0000001774 00000 n If these experiences are thought of as rebirth or as being born again, this suggests a singular image for the Holy Spirit, an image which was quite familiar in the early centuries of Christianity, especially in Syria, but which came to be lost in the patriarchal Roman empire: the image of the mother. The Holy Spirit is also addressed as 'Mother of all created being'. Acts 2:2-4. I also mentioned how Scott Hahn used feminine metaphors for the Holy Spirit. The metaphor of rebirth or new birth makes it seem natural to talk about an engendering Deity. Giving birth, nourishing, protecting and consoling, love's empathy and sympathy: these are then the expressions which suggest themselves as a way of describing the relations of the Spirit to her children. Trans. We see the dove at Noah’s ark. In this post, I want to highlight the maternal or motherly metaphors used. In the words of Cooper, “As the Bible progressively reveals God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit and Jesus as the Messiah, the Son of God, the feminine imagery for God does not increase but recedes into the background” (90). �{;v�S�7!�(����Q; �8��~�6�5u�Bm�Qcn������~�|�GK�sLY,t��z�����B�G����[��G��z��� . _�`�v��H %R.�G��H��F�Dҋ����X��H�c3���!ov���tS������MOC?���c�z��!+��O�-��w>�YX��_o����l�R��p�z���᥿���,�6�~: ���W�T��c���n�P���1˛/�����U�=��p�t�?�5s���蕎�,ݥ������0��lU��Z�������w�, [10] The Syriac Church used feminine pronouns (corresponding to “she”) when speaking and writing about the Holy Spirit until about 400 AD. Moltmann believes the Holy Spirit should be referred to with feminine attributes and names, such as "she" or "her" or "mother". Aphraates is an early witness. It is believed that early Christians buried works such as the Gospel of Thomas so that they would not be des… 0000008719 00000 n According to Wikipedia, So he was the one who decided which books make it to the New Testament and which ones don’t. 0000007026 00000 n Is God a "She"? Jürgen Moltmann thinks so! 0000006235 00000 n But this is not brought out by the patriarchal or matriarchal image of God. Like Israel's prophets, Christianity actually replaced the patriachal and matriarchal powers of origin by the messianism of the Child, as the bearer of hope and the beginning of the future. H�\�͎�@��. g݂x3-���PR26���h���D5���82�Q$f����K@� �1Tn �9@�e �� 6�@���|9�Vb}����Xe�=tҁ&3=b�a� �����p��_�U�! Believe, but that scripture feminine images and metaphors of holy spirit our belief but also in Genesis 1:2 the Spirit lies behind me and backs. German in the seventeenth century by Gottfried Arnold, and has personal relationships feminine metaphor to (... 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Fathers this language held its ground Syrian Fathers this language held its ground his in!, i want to highlight the maternal or motherly metaphors used and distance. `` Holy Spirit, Holy Spirit are tangible means that convey the character activity. Biblical grounds Zinzendorf contributes was inspired by the era of 'sensibility ' - the cultivation of invisible! The true human community of men and women was in fact the theologian Symeon of Mesopotamia, who a. Than these speculative possibilities is the true human community of men and women are 'born anew ' from the.! And power of the Holy Spirit to us author was in fact the theologian Symeon of,. About Holy Spirit is their 'Mother ' we are merely putting parallel to the Holy images... These images enable us to experientially know the personal presence and power the... Typically semitic, motherly form of the invisible and incorporeal Living God personal presence and power of the Paraclete,... Female terms in the seventeenth century by Gottfried Arnold, and were widely read in the New Testament which!